The family of Paramyxoviridae contains viruses that induce a wide range of distinct clinical illnesses
These include measles virus, which in rare instances is followed by subacute sclerosing panencephalitis
(SSPE); mumps virus, which has symptoms of parotitis, orchitis and encephalitis, and
the parainfluenza viruses which are respiratory pathogens .
.Virions are enveloped and enclose a helical nucleocapsid containing single-stranded RNA.
Most virions are roughly spherical (about 200nm in diameter) but they can be much larger and
The virus envelope is a lipid bilayer, studded with virus encoded glycoproteins which have
properties of haemagglutination
and fusion (the F protein).
By transmission electron microscopy, and negative staining, the helical ribonucleo-protein
capsid has a "herring-bone" appearance.
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